Discover how the world's smallest seismic acquisition technology was used for geothermal monitoring
Grassland – agricultural terrain
3 km radius around the injection well
Monitoring of a water injection on a geothermal well
Continuous passive seismic recording was performed using STRYDE Nodes™. Nodes were deployed 5 days prior to the start of injection to acquire baseline data. Recording continued during injection, and for a period of ~2 weeks post-injection.
The survey design aimed to optimise spatial sampling (azimuths and offsets) of the seismic wavefield around the injection well, and was largely driven by land access constraints due to the large number of landowners in the survey area. The nodes were deployed in various 1C and 3C arrangements, with station spacing varying from 50 m up to 1 km.
441 nodes for 28 days
For node deployment, 2 teams of 2-3 people deployed 441 nodes in 2.5 days, and for retrieval, teams of 1-2 people retrieved 441 nodes in 1 day
The area surrounding the injection point was home to over 20 private landowners, meaning each landowner had to be individually consulted and educated about the project, technology, and impact this would have on the landowner’s land. This incurred significantly more time than initially planned and resulted in the survey layout having to be modified to ensure livestock and farming operations were not disrupted.
The survey had to align with the operator’s operational plans for injection to capture the baseline data as well as the monitoring data, post-injection. Confirmation of the injection start date was received with only 3 weeks’ notice. This required a joint effort between Oxford and STRYDE to ensure the required inventory was delivered quickly and training was provided in time for the survey start date.
Budget constraints meant there was a tight budget available to cover the seismic receiver inventory required to conduct the survey. If STRYDE’s low-cost technology solution and flexible commercial model had not been available, the University would have had to complete additional grant applications to fund the project. This would have been incompatible with the well operator’s timeline and so the opportunity to acquire the survey would have been missed.
STRYDE supplied the University of Oxford with 450 STRYDE Nodes™ plus the field peripherals required to deploy and retrieve the nodes. STRYDE supplied nodes that were ready prepared for immediate deployment. This reduced operational costs by minimising the amount of time required for deployment operations and by lowering the amount of equipment that needed to be mobilised to the field site.
Upon project completion, the nodes were returned for data harvesting at STRYDE’s facility in Asker, Norway. Final data deliverables were then made available to the University of Oxford via a secure cloud datastore within 2 weeks of receiving the equipment back from the field.
28 days of continuous passive seismic data, in SEG-D format from 400+ receiver stations
Using the world’s smallest land seismic sensors to acquire this survey made conversations with private landowners easier. Stakeholders were amazed by how small the equipment was and happily granted permission to access and deploy instruments on their land, once they understood how non-intrusive the equipment and survey would be.
Providing access to STRYDE’s seismic sensors within 2 weeks ensured the team at Oxford was able to align with Eden Geothermal’ s operational plans for injection, and meant they were able to successfully capture the baseline data prior to injection and monitor the subsurface thereafter.
Given the tight project timeline, the deployment of the nodes needed to be extremely fast paced. The node’s compact weight and size, combined with stakeless deployment operations enabled by STRYDE’s Navigator Tablet and App, meant that even with a small deployment team 441 nodes could be deployed by foot in just 2.5 days.
It was important to have the nodes in the ground for as long as possible to effectively identify any seismic events that occurred pre, during and post-injection. STRYDE’s autonomous Nodes™ can reliably record continuous data 24 hours a day for 28 days. This enabled seismicity monitoring data to be recorded by the team at Oxford over the entire lifecycle of the geothermal well stimulation operations.
The STRYDE system has transformed the price point of land seismic equipment relative to the cost of conventional seismic instruments. Furthermore, the ability to deploy the miniature nodes quickly meant planning, preparation, and logistical overheads were greatly reduced, unlocking further cost savings and efficiency gains.
The simplicity of the STRYDE system means that it is extremely easy to use and is even accessible to people with no previous seismic experience. The Oxford team required only a couple of hours of virtual training to onboard them to the system prior to deployment operations commencing. This allowed the team to start up efficiently and effectively, as was required to comply with the tight operational schedule for fluid injection.